Tatarstan Deputy Prime Minister - Minister of Agriculture and Food of Tatarstan Marat Zyabbarov took part in the meeting by the leadership of the First Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation Dzhambulat Khatuov on issues of liming of soils in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
As noted by Dzhambulat Khatuov, 1 billion rubles from the federal budget will be allocated in 2020 to reimburse the costs of deoxidation of soils incurred by farmers in 2019. According to him, this will significantly increase productivity. According to preliminary estimates, thanks to state support measures, the cost of additionally obtained grain units during the implementation on an area of 3.4 million hectares will amount to 66 billion rubles by 2030.
The regions reported on the volume of areas presented for liming. The meeting also discussed the progress of registration of ameliorants in the State Catalog of Pesticides and Agrochemicals that are approved for use in the Russian Federation. In addition, the meeting addressed the issue of providing farmers with the necessary special equipment for work to improve soil quality.
As one of the foremost, Dzhambulat Khatuov noted the experience of Tatarstan in deoxidation of soils.
In Tatarstan there are 3.3 million hectares of arable land, 42% of which have varying degrees of acidity. Under the liming program, 250 million rubles were allocated in the current 2019. From 20 to 30% of the costs are paid by the farm. Annually, over 70 thousand ha of soils are known according to this principle. Ministry of Agriculture and Food is ready to continue the program with federal funding.
23 lime pits with a productivity of 1.5 million tons of lime fertilizers operate in Tatarstan, the state re-registration has been carried out on them and the republic is ready to supply lime material also to other regions of Russia.
Liming of soils:
- allows you to eliminate excess soil acidity, promotes the transition of nutrients in the soil accessible to plants, improves the physicochemical properties of the soil, thereby creating favorable conditions for plant growth and development;
- is the basis of highly effective use of mineral fertilizers;
- reduces the mobility of heavy metals and radionuclides in the soil, and their accumulation in plants, allowing to obtain high-quality crop production.
- It is a highly profitable agrochemical event, the costs of which, if carried out correctly, pay off in 2-3 years.
As chemical improvers, various calcium and magnesium-containing materials are used, introduced in accordance with the Federal Law of July 19, 1997 No. 109-ФЗ “On the Safe Handling of Pesticides and Agrochemicals” into the State Catalog of Pesticides and Agrochemicals Allowed for Use in the Russian Federation and having a certificate of state registration issued by the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.